Medical Eye Conditions
Cataracts are natural aging of the crystalline lens. A yellowing or clouding occurs from factors such as UV exposure, smoking, medications, systemic diseases, etc. Once advanced enough, cataracts decrease vision and increase glare from bright lights.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. However, with early detection and treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
Macular Degeneration is a disease of the macula, which is part of the retina responsible for detailed central vision. The tissue in that area breaks down and distorts vision. There can be a genetic link as well as environmental to this condition.
Dry Eye occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly, or when the tears are not of the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly. In addition, inflammation of the surface of the eye may occur along with dry eye. If left untreated, this condition can lead to pain, ulcers, or scars on the cornea, and some loss of vision. However, permanent loss of vision from dry eye is uncommon. Dry eye can be managed as an ongoing condition. Depending on the causes of dry eye, the doctor may use various approaches to relieve the symptoms.
Floaters are a common finding of the aging process. The eye is filled with a jelly-like substance called the vitreous. When the vitreous(jelly) ages, it separates into its liquid and solid parts. The solids cast a shadow of the retina, resulting in viewing floaters. Caution should be taken with sudden floaters, or floaters accompanied by flashes of light.